Death is Inevitable: How â€œ The Masque of the Red Death â€ Illustrates the Inevitability of Death. â€œ The Masque of the Red Death, â€ written by Edgar Allan Poe in 1845, displays a certain subject about the irrevocability of decease. The narrative follows Prince Prospero as he tries to utilize his wealth and power to evade a deathly pestilence by concealing off in an abbey with a 1000 other invitees ; nevertheless, Death is the vanquisher of this narrative as the narrative concludes with the decease of Prince Prospero and all of the invitees. In â€œ The Masque of the Red Death, â€ Poe describes a subject that decease is ineluctable as can be seen in the storyteller, the sarcasm of the secret plan itself, and the huge sum of symbolism in the narrative. The storyteller adds to the subject of the narrative because the storyteller in â€œ The Masque of the Red Death â€ is Death itself because of the incompatibilities planted by the writer in individual, tense, and chronology throughout the narrative. The beginning of â€œ The Masque of the Red Death â€ is written in 3rd individual ; yet, in three topographic points in the narrative, the narrative is in first-person, proposing that the narrative is really a storyteller, a character in the narrative. The following beginning of grounds is the difference in tense in the narrative. In the narrative, the tense of the narrative displacements from past to show. The significance of the tense displacement suggests non merely that the storyteller was present during the events of the narrative but besides that the storyteller survived the event in order to state the narrative. The 3rd piece of grounds alludes to the thought of Death as the storyteller is in the chronology of the narrative. The narrative is evidently written during the clip of feudal system and aristocracy ; nevertheless, in the narrative, the storyteller mentions Hernani, a 19th century work by writer Victor Hugo. By utilizing this mention, Poe is stating that the storyteller was non merely present at this event, perchance in the Middle Ages but besides lived through the 19th century. The clip difference placed by Poe spans 100s of old ages, touching to the thought that the storyteller must be person or something that has existed 100s of old ages. Because Poe creates incompatibilities that do non adhere to a individual type of storyteller or narrative, Death itself becomes a really plausible pick for the storyteller. The fact that Death is the storyteller of the narrative merely builds up and intensifies the overall subject of the narrative that decease is ineluctable. Since Death is a plausible the storyteller of the secret plan, the following subscriber to the overall subject of the narrative is the sense of sarcasm found in the secret plan of the narrative. In the narrative, Prospero has a rubric of aristocracy ; nevertheless when word of the Red Death comes, Prospero flees, go forthing the outside universe to â€œ take attention of itself â€ ( 231 ) . Prospero is irresponsible in the eyes of the reader, because he does non care about any of the topics underneath him but considers his ain life and the lives of his friends to be indispensable. The sarcasm of the secret plan is seen in the condescension of Prince Prospero because he genuinely believes that his wealth and place in the universe will let to get away decease. The sarcasm of the narrative is rooted in this thought that decease can be cheated because of money and power Throughout the class of the narrative, the Prince holds to this thought that he is above decease ; nevertheless, in the terminal of the narrative, allegorically, Death overcomes. The irresponsibleness of Prospero becomes dry because locking themselves in this monolithic abbey in an effort to get away the disease is what seals their destiny in the terminal of the narrative. The abbey as described by the writer, â€œ A strong and exalted wall girdled it in. This wall had Gatess of Fe. The courtiers, holding entered, brought furnaces and massy cocks and welded the bolts. They resolved to go forth agencies neither of immersion nor egressaË†Â¦ â€ ( 231 ) . When Death comes for them at the terminal of the narrative, it is by their ain making that they are trapped in this monolithic abbey, their lone pick, to eventually accept the call of Death. While the function of the storyteller and the sarcasm found in the secret plan attention deficit disorder to the subject, the chief subscriber to the subject of â€œ The Masque of the Red Death â€ is the multiple histories of symbolism given in the narrative. The symbolism of the narrative is largely seen in two elements of the narrative: the decor of the abbey and the coal black clock. The decor of the abbey is described for the reader in much item, for a ground. The abbey is set up of seven suites from E to West and are arranged in a colour form of blue, purple, green, orange, white, violet, and the last room is black. The different colourss of the suites are symbolic of the human life rhythm. The colourss can be â€œ read â€ from east to west because the E is symbolic of get downing while the West is symbolic of stoping, like the rhythm of the Sun. The bluish represents birth, the beginning. The purple can be viewed as development because the beginning ( bluish ) has been mixed with life ( ruddy ) . The green suggests life every bit good, but more in the sense of growing or young person. The orange represents the extremum of life, when the Sun is at its highest. The white alludes to the thought of aging. Violet is much darker than the other colourss, because it represents the slow decay of life. Finally, the black room represents decease. Throughout the narrative, the invitees ne'er enter into the black room because they fear decease. The symbolism of the colourss of the room is besides found in the flood tide of the narrative. Prince Prospero chases ruddy decease from the bluish room and stoping with his decease in the black room, stand foring the stoping of a life. The invitees all run into the black room to uncloak ruddy decease, and they all die. Besides in the black room, the large coal black clock is found. The large coal black clock is besides a symbol associated with decease. However, the clock does non intend decease straight. The clock represents the thought that even though the invitees are â€œ rip offing â€ decease clip still goes on. Time does non halt for the invitees, and the invitees know that they excessively will decease no affair what they do. This idea is represented in the narrative because every clip the coal black clock bells signaling the hr, all the invitees stop their gallivanting and partying and go soundless, as if frozen. The coal black clock is a changeless reminder to the invitees of the Prince that they will non get the better of decease, but merely that their life has one less hr. The symbolism of the coal black clock and the decor of the abbey are a major subscriber to the thought that decease is ineluctable. Edgar Allan Poe uses his command of composing to convey the thought that Death is grim in â€œ The Masque of the Red Death. â€ This cardinal overall subject that decease is ineluctable can be seen in the storyteller, Death itself, in the dry nature of the secret plan, and most blatantly in the huge sum of symbolism scattered throughout the narrative. Death is inevitable for everyone: no sum of money or power can change this natural order. Work Cited Poe, Edgar Allan. â€œ The Masque of the Red Death. â€ Introduction to Literature. 1st erectile dysfunction. Boston: Pearson, 2011. 231-6. Print.
1. 1 Trace the origins of American government What is a democracy? How does a democracy differ from other forms of government in both practical and theoretical terms? What requirements must be met for a government to be called a democracy? Which of the democratic ideals do you foresee as not being achieved in Iraq, and why? Will Iraq still be considered a democracy without this ideal? From the other forms of government mentioned in this chapter, argue for a better form of government for Iraq than a democracy. 1. 2 Show how European political thought provided the theoretical foundations of American government. 1 Can socialism coexist with democracy? Is extensive economic freedom essential to democracy? Can the unequal economic outcomes of capitalism be considered â€œundemocraticâ€? In his 1651 Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes observed that without government, life would be â€œsolitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short. â€ Justify his argument. With this justification, justify the existence of government as it presently operates in the United States today. What demographic and socioeconomic factors do you think are related to democracy? Wealth? Education? A homogeneous population? Can you find countries that donâ€™t meet your expectations? Does democracy require equality of income and wealth? Does majority rule undermine freedom and threaten individual rights? What was James Madisonâ€™s view, and what is your reaction? 1. 3 Describe American political culture, and identify the basic tenets of American democracy 1 Discuss the theories of elitism and pluralism as explanations of how American government works. Harold Lasswellâ€™s book, Politics: Who Gets What, When, and How, can be seen as associated with the often-made statement â€œItâ€™s not what you know, but who you know. â€ How do the two different statements relate to each other, as well as to present-day political realities? Americans often possess a healthy cynicism of government, whether large or small. Identify the reasons for such beliefs and how government should attempt to address these. Can a few elite decision makers control all important decisions made in the United States today? Some leaders are made by climbing the â€œladder of successâ€ rather than being born into power classes. How does this approach compare to â€œelitismâ€ versus the approach defined as â€œpluralismâ€? How does democracy in America compare to democracy in other parts of the world? What are the most important sources of stability in American government? What are the most important forces for change in American government? Suppose the United States passed a constitutional amendment requiring all eligible citizens to vote, what would be the advantages and disadvantages of this measure? Do you agree with the statement, â€œEquality, individualism, and openness are the crucial values of American politics in the twenty-first centuryâ€? Although there is widespread support for the concepts of freedom and liberty in America, there have been many intrusions into basic rights in American history. Can you explain why we find such discrepancies in an area where we also find almost complete public support for the general principle? 1. 4 Explain the functions of American government 1 What are some of the goals of terrorist acts? How can terrorism affect the paradox of democracy? How can/should democracies respond? Must security come at the price of liberties? How can democracies, particularly the United States, deal with new restrictions imposed as a result of terrorist acts/threats? Identify the roles of government and the concept of â€œpublic goods. â€ Are there any other institutions, other than government, which might be charged with performing the roles of government? Is such a consideration realistic? What can individual American citizens do to influence the actions and policies of their government? Name some ways in which government policies influences your normal work/school day. Study the statements of President George Bush on the need to encourage the spread of democracy in the Middle East. Is this a good goal for the United States? Is it a practical goal? 1. 5 Analyze the changing characteristics of the American public. 1 Define and discuss politics in the business setting, the health-care setting, and the educational institution setting. What are the similarities and differences between politics in government and in the identified settings? Discuss the argument that most of American life is organized in anti-democratic fashion. In the family, the school, the factory, the office, and the church, decisions are made by the powerful, without much concern for majority opinion. Discuss ways whereby more Americans would be more likely to participate in U. S. political life. Use the beginning of the twenty-first century to stimulate your thinking about how should we be governed. What are the strengths of our democracy in the new millennium? Our weaknesses? Why? And what should we do about them? Todayâ€™s Americans often question the â€œAmerican Dream. â€ What is the American Dream and how could you go about proving that the Dream is still alive or that the Dream is dying? What types of evidence would you need and where might you find it? Discuss the idea that if more citizens could attend college, then democracy would be strengthened in America. Is this assumption true or not and why? Given the remarkable diversity in America, how is the country able to function as smoothly as it does? Does this diversity threaten to make the country less governable now than in the past? 1. 6 Assess the role of political ideology in shaping American politics 1 Think about the role and size of government as central to contemporary American politics. Is the scope of government too broad, too narrow, or just about right? Discuss, using contemporary examples, what is meant by government being â€œtoo big. â€ Do you disagree with what â€œtoo bigâ€ is? Why? Why donâ€™t Americans divide themselves into social classes? Why hasnâ€™t the Communist Party caught on in America? What are both the weaknesses and strengths of â€œdirect democracyâ€? Assume that millions of American televisions could be hooked up to a centralized computer system that in turn could register instantaneously the publicâ€™s views on issues (â€œyesâ€ or â€œnoâ€ responses). Would this be a plus or minus for American democracy? 1. 7 Characterize changes in Americansâ€™ attitudes toward and expectations of government. 1 Periodically, civil disobedience has been used to reform government processes, procedures, and even law. In the light of often-identified needs of society, what subjects today appear to justify civil disobedience? Today, large proportions of Americans believe that most or all politicians are corrupt, that government serves the interest of the few, and that government is dominated by the wealthy and powerful. Evaluate these statements. Discuss whether or not the tragic events of September 11, 2001 changed the increasingly detached behavior of Americans. Do you feel the events of September 11, 2001 changed the way Americans view immigrants and/or foreign visitors/tourists? Should English be the official language of the United States, and should all governmental business be conducted in English? Why, or why not? Discuss what could be done, either by the media or by politicians themselves, to refurbish the image of elected officials today vis-a-vis the public. How can the idea of politics as â€œan honorable professionâ€ be inculcated, perhaps even in contemporary American youth?